Angular 5 Url Encode String

My Angular application uses the angular-cli tooling, and so I just added the 'web. In request option we can set request headers such as content type and to handle this angular provides Headers and RequestOptions API. When creating custom URLs with the UrlHelper. js library for AngularJS. Reserved Characters. btoa on a Unicode string will cause a Character Out Of Range exception if a character exceeds the range of a 8-bit byte (0x00~0xFF). However, you need to be careful of certain encoding issues as certain characters are not correctly encoded to work properly as parameters. angular, spring MVC and multipart/form-data. JavaScript in a browser: create a binary blob from a base64-encoded string, and decode it using UTF-8. Character Encoder / Decoder Tool This is an encoding / decoding tool that lets you simulate character encoding problems and errors. In a typical setting, the salt and the password are concatenated and processed with a cryptographic hash function, and the resulting output (but not the original password) is stored with the salt in a database. The Web Push Protocol (and PushServiceClient) doesn't make any assumptions about the format of notification. The class instance can have properties and we can bind those properties to portions of our template by using string interpolation via the {{ }} syntax. 5 because previously you could get the rest of the JSON even when one string was not in UTF8 (if this string wasn't used, you'd never notify it's nulled). ここでは、文字列をurlエンコード(パーセントエンコーディング、urlエスケープ、url符号化、パーセント符号化、百分率符号化)する方法と、urlデコードする方法を紹介します。. so laravel provide very simple way to pass query string parameter with redirect route. UrlDecode Method on the server side to decode the url. For some purpose like transfering an image through RestfulAPI or saving an image to a DataBase, We need Encoder (Decode) the image to Base64. As the default header Content-Type set by Angular is json so we need to change to "x-www-form-urlencoded" that is being done using config object in which we have defined headers. If you wanted to you could also attach the file as a Blob64 encoded string, but then you'd need even more code to convert the. Using the Free Hex Encoding Tool The above String to Hex Converter is super easy to use. I wrote a bit about Internet Explorer’s International Settings back in July of 2012. Disclaimer The sample scripts are not supported under any Microsoft standard support program or service. In this tutorial, we will see how to pass and fetch the URL parameters in Angular 5. In this case the JSON string is HTML encoded. All code belongs to the poster and no license is enforced. How to set Canonical URL in Angular 7. after the post, the external payment site is loaded into my iframe. In the tutorial, JavaSampleApproach will guide you how to use Java 8 for converting. Encoding and decoding a string in Base64 with JavaScript can be quite handy. Net, Web Forms, and MVC. If we click on the image it will run Image Picker. 1 uses content-coding values in the Accept-Encoding (section 14. Replace the '+''s for '%20''s, everything works out just fine. replace, replace characters above escaped uri. Eg, without parameter binding, every action would have to take the request message and manually extract the parameters, kind of like this:. Each property provides access to a view of the string as a series of code units, each encoded in a different Unicode encoding. When creating custom URLs with the UrlHelper. URLEncode() function. Hints on sending out character encoding information using the HTTP charset parameter. x work to this project, more about the Angular development steps, check the wiki pages. This method first encodes all input bytes into a base64 encoded byte array and then constructs a new String by using the encoded byte array and the ISO-8859-1 charset. Disable submit button until all mandatory fields are filled - Angular File upload validation - Angular 2/5 3 simple ways to share data through angular route. Dhruvin bhatt. I mainly audit web applications and provide the companies with security countermeasures and recommendations. It is analogous to linear momentum and is subject to the fundamental constraints of the conservation of angular momentum principle if there is no external torque on the object. AngularJS is what HTML would have been, had it been designed for building web-apps. In my previous articles, we have already created multiple spring boot applications using OAUTH2. Internet Explorer 10 and 11 quietly brought some changes: In IE10, the Use UTF-8 for mailto links option was removed. Join today to get access to thousands of courses. Action() method is a great way to create links to other URLs in the current Web application. There ar ecertain ways to encode or decode string in angulars. PHP has the rawurlencode() function, and ASP has the Server. We can access Asp. Currently, I have an issue with giving a correct recommendation when it comes to AngularJS Sanitize function against XSS protection. It is based on a subset of the JavaScript Programming Language Standard ECMA-262 3rd Edition - December 1999. It also discusses the use of line-feeds in encoded data, use of padding in encoded data, use of non-alphabet characters in encoded data, use of different encoding alphabets, and canonical encodings. Create a serialized representation of an array, a plain object, or a jQuery object suitable for use in a URL query string or Ajax request. Update History: 31 May 2018 - Updated to Angular 5. As the default header Content-Type set by Angular is json so we need to change to "x-www-form-urlencoded" that is being done using config object in which we have defined headers. To analyse the Angular the function should be treated as controller we need to use post-fix as Controller. My Blog Saturday, 15 September 2012. Angular , 2018. If you’re working with JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) and either need to convert a JSON string to array or object and loop through it or vice-versa, take an array or object and convert it to a JSON string to return, both can be done in PHP or JavaScript. In this article we will discuss performing CRUD operations in Angular 6 with simple examples. In-Memory Web API 0. If you'd like to have the URL Decoder/Encoder for offline use, just view source and save to your hard drive. We will be using HttpParams to add the query parameter, which is then used by the httpClient. He successfully created numerous complex products over the past decade. He was previously on the Angular core team at Google, and built the dependency injection, change detection, forms, and router modules. When you are letting AngularJS write HTML in your application, you should check the HTML for dangerous code. When we use literal strings in Java, we use the quote (") character to indicate the beginning and ending of a string. Encode HTML, JavaScript, and URL Query Strings In ASP. HttpClient Service. It's pretty obvious what happens here: every 5 seconds (starting at 0 to make an "initial call") the apiService. Search for jobs related to Javascript encode or hire on the world's largest freelancing marketplace with 15m+ jobs. net using C# and VB. 2860 I was expecting AngularJS to encode query string parameters using encodeURIComponent. The charset for this site is utf-8. We have to create an Ionic 3 and Angular 5 register form that includes Base64 Image upload. url " will give the currnent url excluding host name (localhost or domain). NET Core application using Angular 5 and Entity Framework core database first approach with the help of Visual Studio 2017 and SQL Server 2012. This post is a guide how to Pass the URL Parameters or Query string along with the HTTP Request using the HttpClient in Angular. String actualString= new String(actualByte); Explanation: In above code we called Base64. You need to set this property to ResponseContentType. To get we need to import dependency ngRoute. UrlDecode Method on the server side to decode the url. A solution could be to always encode text using UTF-8, but browsers, proxies, web servers etc. To create one you will need to encode you image file as base64 and then embed that base64-encoded image as follows…. Create an Ionic 3 Angular 5 Register Form. net if you are missing something or if you found a bug. Download with Google Download with Facebook or download with email. Encode to numerical or html entities at the click of a button. Push the "Convert to Base64 Image" button on the top of the page. There are a lot of Angular 5 improvements that make Angular 5 app faster, smaller and simpler. post() method, we need to pass server URL, any object to post and request option that is optional. JAX-RS Security using JSON Web Encryption(JWE) with AngularJS, Bootstrap, Grid-UI and MongoDB Example In this tutorial we will discuss how to use AngularJS, Bootstrap and Grid-UI to connect to secure JAX-RS RESTful web services using JWE/JWT/JWS for Authentication and Authorization. The mime header metadata tags are stripped from the input string and the is converted to the base database character set as follows:. Base64 encode your data in a hassle-free way, or decode it into human-readable format. Ben Nadel looks at how to implement URL interpolation using the $http service in AngularJS (the way that the $resource service works). Here are four methods that we will discuss in this post:. Using the above code I have created a sample app which show the process of encoding and decoding the JSON. For the special case of an empty URL we also need to add the pathMatch: 'full' property so Angular knows it should be matching exactly the empty string and not partially the empty string. 2) outside of creating WordPress themes and plugins for this blog. var app = angular. 0 and will generate v5 projects by default. js is being deprecated. Eg, without parameter binding, every action would have to take the request message and manually extract the parameters, kind of like this:. A route can receive the parameters either using a snapshot property of the ActivatedRoute or by subscribing to its property param. AngularJS is what HTML would have been, had it been designed for building web-apps. The only means of specifying the encoding of this file is by altering the client_encoding setting. 0, the older Http service still works, but it's deprecated and has been removed in Angular 6. This week, I'm going to take the same exact sample project and walk you through the process of doing the same thing, except with NGXS. The UrlTokenEncode method converts a byte array into an equivalent string representation encoded with base 64 digits. 1, REST ⏩ Post By Anne Kantola Intersystems Developer Community Angular ️ Angular2 ️ Authentication ️ JSON ️ REST API ️ Caché. If you need to download a PDF file (stream) from your web service, there are a couple of key things to do. angular-passport. 5 property, after making the changes to the routes, this is what you achieve: Lowercase URL Generation. We show you how to access REST API or Web Service in this Ionic 3 and Angular 5 mobile app tutorial. edited Jun 20 '16 at 10:01. Angular-file-upload directive is an awesome lightweight AngularJS directive which handles file upload for you and lets you upload files asynchronously to the server. Here’s a small method to Decode your Base64. HTML, web page addresses, and database commands are all strings, but they each require different characters to be escaped in different ways. The mime header metadata tags are stripped from the input string and the is converted to the base database character set as follows:. Read more about URL-encoding in Wikipedia DA: 44 PA: 15 MOZ Rank: 63. I'm aiming to control a motorized joint at a specific speed. Learning MooTools: MooTools Tutorials and Examples. One of the ways is to use the URL to pass the values or data. Pitfall to avoid : Do not encode the entire URL. Load() - i am guessing this is because of the < characters being converted. Here I’ll show you how to check if the URL bar contains a given or specified string or text or value using JavaScript indexOf() method. All safe tokens (from a whitelist) are then serialized back to a properly escaped HTML string. We demonstrate on this page with single level arrays. Simple jQuery code snippet to encode/decode (convert) a href params in a url string (http address) so that they can be properly viewed on a web page. In the mean time, we will be using Spring boot to avoid common configurations. Today, We want to share with you Angular Resource Encode and Decode URL. "Vigorous writing is concise. In this post we will show you AngularJs Encode and Decode URL example, hear for angular-url-encode - AngularJS Modules, Plugins and Directives we will give you demo and example for implement. All helpers used in in ASP. It is the responsibility of the caller to encode any fields, which need to be escaped prior to calling URL, and also to decode any escaped fields, that are returned from URL. Existing/known workaround:. 0-preview1-final, Angular 5. It comes with a complete rewrite, and various improvements including optimized builds and faster compile times. "Router" module in @angular/core can give the current url. Angular is a platform for building mobile and desktop web applications. The technology skills platform that provides web development, IT certification and ondemand training that helps your career and your business move forward with the right technology and the right skills. Related Articles: – How to configure AngularJs – SpringBoot – How to integrate Angular 4 with SpringBoot Web App and SpringToolSuite – MultipartFile – How to create Spring AngularJs MultipartFile …. x introduced new HttpClientModule(located in @angular/common/http) instead of the original @angular/http module. Learn the technical skills you need for the job you want. UrlDecode Method on the server side to decode the url. Angular 4 (2-5), Cache Authentication, Cache2017. Source code for webtoolkit. In this part, we show you Overview and Architecture of the System (from Angular frontend to SpringBoot backend). When a web page accepts an input from the end user it can also include malicious data consisting of special characters, HTML tags, JavaScript code and the things like that. STRING as that was the most general purpose type for this function. The errors may be given to set. ajax( settings ) for a complete list of all settings. x with rxjs-compat). GitHub Gist: instantly share code, notes, and snippets. Base64 encoding was invented and introduced to solve this problem. Online HTML Decode tool to decode html string. TL;DR: Angular is an all-encompassing JavaScript framework that is frequently used by developers all over the world for building web, desktop, and mobile applications. 16 May 2018 - For an updated version built with Angular 6 check out Angular 6 - User Registration and Login Example & Tutorial. static List parse(URI uri. Utility class for HTML form encoding. In this tutorial, we will see how to pass and fetch the URL parameters in Angular 5. Encapsulation of Nick Galbreath's base64. We will be using spring boot 1. If you need to access the contents of a string as encoded in different Unicode encodings, use one of the string’s unicode Scalars, utf16, or utf8 properties. AngularJS is what HTML would have been, had it been designed for building web-apps. 0 has been released! Check out the project on GitHub for more information. urlencode chooses to encode the space character with '+' (a plus symbol) not '%20' (the hex value). 5 of the Angular CLI, we have added support for Angular v5. 1st one you used is nothing but global function declaration of controller, in which you declare controller as function. Added the ability to "suspend" encoding in the Output Stream so you can turn on and off the encoding if you need to embed base64 data in an otherwise "normal" stream (like an XML file). A route can receive the parameters either using a snapshot property of the ActivatedRoute or by subscribing to its property param. To display a captcha in a form the following has to be done: Captcha style has to be defined. 0-preview1-update1 When the application is started, different clients can log in using an email, if already registered, and can send direct messages from one SignalR client to the other. getTweets() is called and the components property statuses is re-assigned. It is easy for humans to read and write. in my mvc action i store the json of my country data and try to populate my angular model with country json but some where i made the mistake for which i am not getting desired output. This page should be useful to anyone who occasionally comes across a base64 string that they want to decode. When we write name: string; it means that we’re declaring the name property to be of type string. So I needed to create the queryString of those parameters but I didn't want to create it of my own. Passing variables with data between pages using URL There are different ways by which values of variables can be passed between pages. Set element. The value to encode is hard-coded in this example only to simplify the example and show the type of value you might URL-encode. 14 Router to persist search criteria to the URL without bloating the Browser's History stack unnecessarily. I am still updating my Angular 4 projects to Angular 6. Python String encode() Method - Python string method encode() returns an encoded version of the string. (To be released Q1 2016. ASP URLEncode Method The URLEncode method applies URL encoding rules to a specified string. Angularjs set checkbox checked; 7. Resource URL is a URL that will be loaded and executed as code, for example, in. Drag & Drop your files, copy to clipboard with a click and use the result in HTML and CSS. This page will walk through Angular HttpClient. Angular 5 is Angular 4 with many small improvements, some of which result in a modified api. HTML Page Encoder - Designed to encode your whole HTML page. 4 HttpClient. References. 5 to expose REST APIs and angular5 with routing to build our client using angular CLI. HTML & Javascript Projects for $30 - $250. It needs to be the below object encoded. To encode: encodeURI(str) To decode: decodeURI(str) The functions take a string as an input. In-Memory Web API 0. Character encoding is used to represent a repertoire of characters by some kind of encoding system. The tutorial is Part 1 of the series: Angular Spring Boot JWT Authentication example | Angular 6 + Spring Security + MySQL Full Stack. Convert Array buffer to base64 string to display images in Angular 7. Some characters are utilized by URLs for special use in defining their syntax. Louis MO World ranking 0 altough the site value is $0. This is to ensure that the data remains intact without modification during transport. js Projects for $2 - $8. The initial Angular router was designed to handle just a few simple cases. component() helper method, which is much simpler than the. Hints on sending out character encoding information using the HTTP charset parameter. , which is by the way the route I took as it offered least time investment. An encoded tab character (%09) to seperate the gopher selector string from the optional search string (see 4 below). For example try to write a space in a link and press enter. according this answer, uri. If the URL does not have a scheme identifier, or if it has file: as its scheme identifier, this opens a local file (without universal newlines); otherwise it opens a socket to a server somewhere on the network. json file in the app. Pretty URLs in AngularJS: Removing the # Chris on Code (@chrisoncode) It is very easy to get clean URLs and remove the hashtag from the URL. URL's should then be. How to use angularjs filters What Is AngularJs Filter ?¶ Selects a subset of items from array and returns it as a new array. Like a commenter suggested above there should be a separate namespace for various encodings accessible without taking a dependency on System. For example, Razor code:. Default: querystring. NPM npm install angular-ui-grid. In step 1 of the routing process, Angular router takes the browser URL and parses it as a URL tree. Currently, I have an issue with giving a correct recommendation when it comes to AngularJS Sanitize function against XSS protection. Top 5 AngularJS Interview Questions Enables the encoding of the application state in the URL and vice versa. Well organized and easy to understand Web building tutorials with lots of examples of how to use HTML, CSS, JavaScript, SQL, PHP, Python, Bootstrap, Java and XML. angular-base64. projects variable, we defined in the ApacheProjectsController, with the AngularJS ng-repeat directive. NPM npm install angular-ui-grid. There are many ways to bind the data in angular so we are looking those examples one by one. This post a quick tip sharing a little RxJS snippet that I wrote in order to read the query and route parameters at once. In my situation though, the API validated authentication. This can lead to a more intuitive Back Button experience for the user. Convert Array buffer to base64 string to display images in Angular 7. In this tutorial, we will see how to pass and fetch the URL parameters in Angular 5. In this article, we'll focus on how to encode/decode the URL or. edited Jun 20 '16 at 10:01. We will also discuss about the Angular 6 Project setup, apply Routing, create service to read and display data, create forms for create, update and delete data. Learn the technical skills you need for the job you want. All unsafe characters must always be encoded within a URL. To simplify the coding work, I port my former Angular 2. "Vigorous writing is concise. When a web page accepts an input from the end user it can also include malicious data consisting of special characters, HTML tags, JavaScript code and the things like that. Learn software, creative, and business skills to achieve your personal and professional goals. URL-Encode A String Enter the string to be URL-encoded, and then click "Encode!": The encoded string: URL-Decode A String What Is URL Encoding? URL-encoding is also known as Percent-encoding, and is a mechanism for encoding information in a URI (Uniform Resource Identifier). First of all, rather than manually replacing each and every special character with its encoded equivalent, we can use the magical powers of PHP’s urlencode. This post is a guide how to Pass the URL Parameters or Query string along with the HTTP Request using the HttpClient in Angular. An Angular application is a tree of components. Reserved Characters. If you are looking for Angular 7 with spring boot 2 integration example then check out Spring Boot + Angular 7 CRUD Example article. URL Bar Resizing Easier ArrayBuffer to String. x introduced new HttpClientModule(located in @angular/common/http) instead of the original @angular/http module. Save your time writing yet another CRUD application - Editor is a premium extension created to produce complex, fully editable tables that take full advantage of all of the features of DataTables. (PowerShell) Base64url Encoding. Well organized and easy to understand Web building tutorials with lots of examples of how to use HTML, CSS, JavaScript, SQL, PHP, Python, Bootstrap, Java and XML. I recommend do it just like that. Blog 4 IT beginner to copy and run it : AngularJS, JAVA, C#, JQuery, BootStrap, WPF, WebService, Asp. It comes with a complete rewrite, and various improvements including optimized builds and faster compile times. About HTML Preprocessors. We render these links using the ng-href directive, as we are using Angular expressions in the href attribute and if the user clicks a link before Angular has a chance to replace the expression. Learn about RxJS observables and how to mock HTTP services for testing. As a rule of thumb, avoid using the special characters above when formulating a URI string (filename), and I recommend using the hyphen (-) instead of the underscore (_) (as all search engines recognize the hyphen as a space separator, but the same is not true for the underscore; and older browsers do. Click the "URL Encode" button to see how the JavaScript function encodes the text. ASP URLEncode Method The URLEncode method applies URL encoding rules to a specified string. Hello urpalshu, Please try to use HttpServerUtility. given a string of hexadecimal characters that represent ASCII characters, i want to convert it to those ASCII characters. UrlDecode Method on the server side to decode the url. And, it categorizes blob: URLs as potentially malicious. You have to create a new buffer object and pass two parameters to its constructor. What you're looking at is something called a "base 64 encoded data URL. Check out Angular 8 CRUD example tutorial: Spring Boot + Angular 8 CRUD Example Tutorial What we will build?. This is to ensure that the data remains intact without modification during transport. My recent work at Mozilla has me creating an OAuth-like authentication transaction between Bugzilla and Phabricator. Notice that the syntax is new relative to ES5 JavaScript. GitHub Gist: instantly share code, notes, and snippets. The angular momentum of a rigid object is defined as the product of the moment of inertia and the angular velocity. Specifically, there's some confusion around retrieving parameters from the url and query string. In this post we will show you Angularjs get current url with parameters example, hear for angular2 get query string parameters we will give you demo and example for implement. This post will give you basic understanding on how to upload files by using this directive together with. URLs cannot contain spaces. Returns a list of NameValuePairs as parsed from the given string using the given character encoding. The file name is the file name from the request. npm install --save angular-passport. html partials which generates the html by iterating over the vm. I'll be controlling the motor with a PID controller. URL Bar Resizing Easier ArrayBuffer to String. If you’ve been waiting to learn Angular 5, this tutorial is for you. The line of code below shows how this might be done in. Of course, there. Added the ability to "suspend" encoding in the Output Stream so you can turn on and off the encoding if you need to embed base64 data in an otherwise "normal" stream (like an XML file). Upgrade angular to version 1. Supports both fast conversions for regular integers and large integer strings. angular-url-encode 🔄 A simple Angular filter to URL-encode or decode a string using encodeURI and decodeURI. Pretty URLs in AngularJS: Removing the # Chris on Code (@chrisoncode) It is very easy to get clean URLs and remove the hashtag from the URL. The mime header metadata tags are stripped from the input string and the is converted to the base database character set as follows:. stringify() method produces a URL query string from a given obj by iterating through the object's "own properties". generate URL or filesystem safe Base64 strings. The encodeURIComponent() function encodes a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) component by replacing each instance of certain characters by one, two, three, or four escape sequences representing the UTF-8 encoding of the character (will only be four escape sequences for characters composed of two "surrogate" characters). In this article, we'll focus on how to encode/decode the URL or. public class URLEncoder extends Object. This class is a utility class for HTML form encoding. Put the raw Base64 string into the textarea, select the type of the image (JPEG,PNG,GIF) and push the "Decode" button. I have doubts to say that it's OK or to recommend that output encoding shall be enforced at the server-side. AngularJs get Url Parameters - While working with AngularJs we often need to get the url params. Updated on June 9, 2017. Encoding of text for use in URL. Upgrade angular to version 1. GitHub Gist: instantly share code, notes, and snippets. Today, we will take a look into hashing and encryption techniques to save passwords in the DB in an encrypted way instead of a plain-text. The resulting string token can be transmitted on the URL. URL Bar Resizing Easier ArrayBuffer to String. It includes 115+ fully supported components that easily integrate with React and Angular. How to encode a question mark in url ? Thanks. Encoding a URL in C# is very easy thanks to the. path - {string} - The cookie will be available only for this path and its sub-paths. GitHub Gist: instantly share code, notes, and snippets. A simple Angular filter to encode or decode a string using encodeURI and decodeURI. _ ~ ? / If the set of allowed query characters is not acceptable for a particular backend, QueryEncoder can be subclassed and provided as the 2nd argument to URLSearchParams. Related Articles: – How to configure AngularJs – SpringBoot – How to integrate Angular 4 with SpringBoot Web App and SpringToolSuite – MultipartFile – How to create Spring AngularJs MultipartFile …. My recent work at Mozilla has me creating an OAuth-like authentication transaction between Bugzilla and Phabricator. ajaxSetup(). component() helper method, which is much simpler than the. Useful to only encode and install a script in an already created HTML page. Simple and Fast!. The new experimental Simple API is still work-in-progress. Disclaimer The sample scripts are not supported under any Microsoft standard support program or service. Angular - how to get encoded url to be recognised in $routeProvider - when a hash is changed to %23 (AngularJS) - Codedump. html - Table - vertical numbering using PHP for cycle - I have to do something in PHP for "cycle" which will generate a table. Base64 encode your data in a hassle-free way, or decode it into human-readable format. Internet Explorer is notoriously relaxed in its requirements for encoding spaces in URLs. Query params are different from regular route parameters, which are only available on one route and are not optional (e. This article explains how you can set the chart data using the URL of the corresponding file using angular-fusioncharts component. json file in the app. Yaphi Berhanu shows how to parse the query string and retrieve URL parameters using only vanilla JavaScript. Search for jobs related to Javascript encode or hire on the world's largest freelancing marketplace with 15m+ jobs. Date filtering and formatting using pipe in Angular 2(+) Angular auto focus for input box - Angular 2/5. AngularJs get Url Parameters - While working with AngularJs we often need to get the url params. All content-coding values are case-insensitive. It is quite common to have both the query and route parameters in any single page application. Create customised, editable tables in minutes with Editor for DataTables. (Strings which are encoded in an HTML5 ASCII incompatible encoding are converted to UTF-8. This article shows how to implement an OpenID Connect Implicit Flow client in Angular. Decode a URL-encoded string. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: