Java 11 Httpclient Vs Apache

NoClassDefFoundError, when your class performs some static initialization in a static block like many Singleton classes initialized itself on the static block to take advantage of thread-safety provided by JVM during the class initialization process, and if static block throws an Exception, the class. 1 incorporates a number of significant enhancements over the previous major release line (hadoop-3. I started the project again (after a break) and found that API's have been deprecated, and it no longer works. 5 vs reacondicionamiento. * Is there any advantage using apache commons http client over plain URLConnection class of[ java? * is URLConnection having any specific problems among JDK versions, time out/memory issues etc ?? * Is apache commons http client built on URLConnection internally ? If not, how it makes connection( using scoket etc) ?. Search for java classes in the maven repository. The HTTP GET and POST REST APIs which I will be accessing are as defined. Since the parent-pom and base-bom projects are both packaged with "pom" packaging and as such don't contain any actual source code, it's easy for non-obvious configuration bugs to slip through which don't affect them, but immediately break projects with actual source code. Java+You, Download Today!. Even with Apache's HttpClient (at least version 3. Apache NetBeans provides editors, wizards, and templates to help you create applications in Java, PHP and many other languages. HttpClient is a very nice and clean implementation that came as part of Web API and replaced its clunky predecessor WebClient (although only in its HTTP functionality, WebClient can do more than just HTTP). The Apache Xalan Project. Executes a Java class within the running (Apache Ant) JVM or forks another JVM if specified. It offers an asynchronous API that never blocks for I/O, making it very efficient in thread utilization and well suited for high. HttpClient supports three different types of HTTP authentication schemes: Basic, Digest and NTLM. Older releases, which do not include the. Apache Portable Runtime 1. We can easily create a restful web service application in android to authenticate or save information into the external database such as oracle, mysql, postgre sql, sql server using other application developed in java,. 4 March 21, 2015 Tom 18 Comments HttpClient has long been popular for implementing outbound HTTP in Java. As mentioned, these examples are heavily based on the Apache HttpClient samples, and I recommend looking at that code for more examples. RDF RDF API. If you want to read more details about HttpClient I recommend this post by Darrel Miller. The Commons Proper is dedicated to creating and maintaining reusable Java components. Java & Apache HttpClient 4. Kafka producer client consists of the following APIâ s. Message view « Date » · « Thread » Top « Date » · « Thread » From: Oleg Kalnichevski Subject: Re: httpclient timeout: https vs. ), and provides a framework by which new request types (methods) or HTTP extensions can be created easily. The new HttpClient can be used either synchronously or asynchronously. 0 was just released this May, and it’s already surpassed Hadoop in popularity on the Web. Although I haven't really pushed it much, it was easy to get up and running and I haven't found any real issues with it. Road to the Java 11 HTTP Client (24m video, Chris Hegarty) Handling Response Data with the Java 11 HTTP Client (22m video, Chris Hegarty) Development history. Combine these two and you got a very simple way of requesting and posting data. HttpRequest는 HttpURLConection만을 사용하고, Loopj Async-HttpClient는 Apache HttpClient만을 사용한다. 0 compliant caching proxy server. NET program that uses HttpClient Imports System. It supports HTTP/1. By default, CXF uses a transport based on the in-JDK HttpURLConnection object to perform HTTP requests. This article shows you how to use Apache HttpClient to send an HTTP GET/POST requests, JSON, authentication, timeout, redirection and some frequent used examples. Why does some of this code use HttpClient (from Apache, org. HttpContext, which can carry additional configuration details into the HttpClient layer. The library supports high bandwidth use and many transactions per second just fine, but has issues with repeated large file downloads. It is freely available under a BSD-style open-source license. Java Description. Commons Proper is dedicated to one principal goal: creating and maintaining reusable Java components. Apache Spark is a fast and general-purpose cluster computing system. 通过HTTPS使用HttpClient , 信任所有证书; HttpClient vs web request; Apache HttpClient摘要认证; 是否可以在XMLHTTPRequest中使用摘要验证? Java内存管理 Java web启动"Error: could not create the java virtual machine" Java: 如何解析 java. controller;. Apache HttpClient is very widely used for sending HTTP requests from java program itself. Java 11 HttpClient. The advantage of this project type over several Java SE projects (each containing one module) is that dependencies are simply managed by declaring appropriate exports and requires in module-info. This package is not supported in Visual Studio 2010, and is only required for projects targeting. Business users, analysts and data scientists can use standard BI/analytics tools such as Tableau, Qlik, MicroStrategy, Spotfire, SAS and Excel to interact with non-relational datastores by leveraging Drill's JDBC and ODBC drivers. A multi-faceted language for the Java platform. Apache Hadoop 3. As a Universal Windows Platform (UWP) app developer, if you are trying to communicate over HTTP with a web service or any server endpoint, you have multiple API choices. Java Description. Why does some of this code use HttpClient (from Apache, org. HttpPost requests executed multiple times (Apache HttpClient) June 11, 2013 January 4, 2017 mb Leave a comment This is something I noticed on Android, but from what I read it also involves the desktop Java version. 5 for Https Connections This is a simple example on how to use Apache HttpClient 4. HttpClient configuration and prefernece API HttpClient customization. Basically camel-http4 component is built on the top of Apache HttpClient. An HttpClient is created through a builder. They are categorised by the browser, operating system, hardware type and so on; you can also see how popular a user agent is. In this tutorial, we demonstrate how to do a multipart upload http request using Apache HttpClient 4. Apache TomEE is assembled from a vanilla Apache Tomcat zip file. HTTPClient is simple java class with a constructor that will take an url to which we want to open HTTP Connection with. 1) is bound to Sun's API with imports such as com. A network connection uses limited system resources. In this article, I will present an example on how to develop a typical HelloWorld Web Service with. This post takes a look at the newest API change in Java 11, the standardized HTTP client, which will improve the performance sent requests by a client. 0 has been tested for compatibility with JRE 11 TLSv1. SocketsHttpHandler class instead of HttpClientHandler provides the implementation used by higher-level HTTP networking classes such as HttpClient. Commons Proper is dedicated to one principal goal: creating and maintaining reusable Java components. But, the service returns the HTML form instead of the. HttpClient; import org. A class which can consume and produce dates in SQL Date format. Java 11 - Standard HTTP Client VS Apache HttpClient In Java 11, the incubated HTTP APIs from Java 9 are now officially incorporated into the Java SE API (as stated in JEP 321 ). Search for java classes in the maven repository. Unirest-Java. x 06 November 2014 In some contexts, it might very useful to disable the SSL checks when connecting to https using Java. Server-side XML-RPC. @Marcus: Yes, it does, I'm using Restlet's client right now in Java 1. Cross Platform Apache NetBeans can be installed on all operating systems that support Java, i. 그 외의 라이브러리는 양쪽 모두를 사용하고 Android 버전에 따라서 어떤 구현 클래스를 쓸 것인지 결정하는 코드가 유사하게 포함되어 있다. Founded in 1999, the Jakarta Project housed a diverse set of popular open source Java solutions. Since java. We can send binary and plain text data. SAX is the Simple API for XML, originally a Java-only API. 3 or higher, as of Spring 4. Update the internal fork of Apache Commons BCEL to r1829827 to add early access Java 11 support to the annotation scanning code. HttpConnectionManager. HTTP Form Posting using Jersey Client vs Apache HttpClient. Since Apache HttpClient or java. UnsatisfiedLinkError: 在 java. While each has its own set of quirks and bugs, what it really comes down to is the OS version you're targeting with the app. In particular, a Java library exposes an API to consumers (i. It combines the control of HttpWebRequest with the simplicity of WebClient. how do I close connections on HttpClient 4. x (as described below). 0 was removed from the website because of a wrong results regression bug (DERBY-4331). The HttpClient component supports the client-side of RFC 1945 (HTTP/1. ConnectionSocketFactory sslSocketFactory). Java 11 HttpClient. Apache HttpClient 5. A class which can consume and produce dates in SQL Date format. The default HttpClient is the simplest way in which you can start sending requests. when i use camel's HTTP component it took to download per. 0) and RFC 2616 (HTTP/1. id is set in the configuration. Optional (breaks backwards compatibility) are included in 3. x), you have to use a custom SSLProtocolSocketFactory. URL 处理http请求 ① :org. Introduction to the Java 11 HTTP Client with Chris. Our goal is to help you find the software and libraries you need. java网络连接搭配apache,java HttpClient获取网页源代码 共有140篇相关文章:java网络连接搭配apache,java HttpClient获取网页源代码 HTTPClient与jsoup爬起网页 HttpClient HttpClient 单例HttpClient 不需要维护cookie HttpClient4. HTTPClient is simple java class with a constructor that will take an url to which we want to open HTTP Connection with. NET, XML for Visual Studio 2012. Its simple API and small size makes it great fit for Android. In 2005, as a part of creating a flatter Apache Software Foundation, Jakarta subprojects began to become full top-level Apache projects. 5 for Https Connections This is a simple example on how to use Apache HttpClient 4. It provides a flexible and extensible API for accessing all things exposed through HTTP. java - Android API 23 - HttpClient 4. By default, Retrofit will give you sane defaults for your platform but it allows for customization. With the introduction of Java 9 we are receiving many new features and improvements. How to view the request of Apache HttpClient before send the request Many occations, we are using Apache HttpClinet to send requests in applications. We follow agile principles to create human-centric transformational technology. An HttpClient can be used to send requests and retrieve their responses. Setting the -source and -target of the Java Compiler. All, I am in the process of migrating from HttpClient 2. Configuring Apache HTTP Client Directly. These examples are extracted from open source projects. Http Client « Apache Common « Java. In this article, I will present an example on how to develop a typical HelloWorld Web Service with. SdkHttpClient public SdkHttpClient(org. Java REST clients using the Apache HttpClient library. With the introduction of Java 9 we are receiving many new features and improvements. 0 Release Note. Hi, This is a pretty strange situation. apache cannot be resolved 都说到了,让去:. This release builds on the stable 4. The default HttpClient is the simplest way in which you can start sending requests. Most of the plumbing is automatically handled for you. They were designed to solve very different problems. Question: Tag: java,apache-httpclient-4. The sample shows how to use HttpClient post Json data in windows 8 metro application. when i use camel's HTTP component it took to download per request 600-800 ms but if i used for same request using Apache HTTP client then it took 300-400 ms. Basic compatibility with Log4j 1. Builders are created by invoking newBuilder. We have learned about building RESTful webservices already. Combine these two and you got a very simple way of requesting and posting data. And I haven't used Feign yet (it's on my list to explore). apache Unlock this content with a FREE 10-day subscription to Packt Get access to all of Packt's 7,000+ eBooks & Videos. Scala is a type-safe JVM language that incorporates both object oriented and functional programming into an extremely concise, logical, and extraordinarily powerful language. Note that only the shorter of the two timeouts will apply. HttpCore Overview. The same timeout will apply for all requests using this HttpClient instance. The Spring way. Configuring Apache HTTP Client Directly. Java Description. Our goal is to help you find the software and libraries you need. The following example shows how you might take advantage of this functionality:. Although I haven't really pushed it much, it was easy to get up and running and I haven't found any real issues with it. Downloading large files with HttpClient and you see that it takes lots of memory space? This post is probably for you. 2 vs Apache NetBeans 11. Step 1: Create a Maven project say “httpRestClient”. 3 was the last release that supported Java 6. SocketException: Connection reset errors in our logs for a component that calls a third party Web service that sends SMS messages. I recommend using OkHttp instead of HttpClient for new applications. From mobile apps to microservices, from small startups to big enterprises, Gradle helps teams build, automate and deliver better software, faster. HttpMethodParams 的 class 但是 我用 eclipse 來開發時出現以下的錯誤! Access restriction: The type HttpMethodParams is not accessible due to restriction on required library C:\Program Files\Java\jre6\lib\ext\commons-httpclient-3. I'd like to know if there's any efficient way of using Apache HttpClient in a multithreaded environment in production. x branch through December 31, 2020. Welcome to Apache Jackrabbit. The Apache Software Foundation recently announced the General Availability of Log4j 2. 4 March 21, 2015 Tom 18 Comments HttpClient has long been popular for implementing outbound HTTP in Java. Java 11 HttpClient. The following are top voted examples for showing how to use org. Download NetTool. This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. The instance will be configured to use a pool of connections with. This is a GET request, and in the next post will extend this to use an HTTP POST with basic authentication. Apache HttpClient to invoke a RESTful Web Service. java The full source code is also available on GitHub for download. Fast Android Networking is the best for network calls. Manages a set of. 0) and RFC 2616 (HTTP/1. Apache Log4j 2. With a left click on WampServer’s icon, you will be able to: manage your Apache and MySQL services; switch online/offline (give access to everyone or only localhost) install and switch Apache, MySQL and PHP releases; manage your. 5? How to set RequestConfiguration per request using RestTemplate? org. We have learned to read/write both XLS and XLSX format in Java, which is key to support old Microsoft Excel files created using Microsoft Office version prior to 2007. Dear Friend, Prior to starting weblogic server , just set setWLSEnv. Update the internal fork of Apache Commons BCEL to r1829827 to add early access Java 11 support to the annotation scanning code. The HttpClient component supports the client-side of RFC 1945 (HTTP/1. 0) and RFC 2616 (HTTP/1. It models HTML documents and provides an API that allows you to invoke pages, fill out forms, click links, etc just like you do in your "normal" browser. amitshekhariitbhu/Fast-Android-Networking Fast Android Networking is a powerful library for doing any type of. The new HttpClient can be used either synchronously or asynchronously. Apache HTTP client has fewer bugs on Eclair and Froyo. HttpURLConection vs. 2 and should not be used. In this example, C:\Program Files\Java\jdk-11. 그 외의 라이브러리는 양쪽 모두를 사용하고 Android 버전에 따라서 어떤 구현 클래스를 쓸 것인지 결정하는 코드가 유사하게 포함되어 있다. NET program that uses HttpClient Imports System. 3 it uses by default is. Today, RestSharp is one of the only options for a portable, multi-platform, unencumbered, fully open-source HTTP client that you can use in all of your applications. 0 with a custom socket factory " Larry 26 February 2015 at 1:55 pm. 1 or HTTP/2 ), whether to follow redirects, a proxy, an authenticator, etc. Java Code Examples for org. Why does some of this code use HttpClient (from Apache, org. All code donations from external organisations and existing external projects seeking to join the Apache community enter through the Incubator. Re: HTTPClient vs java. Apache TomEE, pronounced "Tommy", is an all-Apache Java EE 6 Web Profile certified stack where Apache Tomcat is top dog. HttpClient. 3 was the last release that supported Java 6. The AHC component provides HTTP based endpoints for consuming external HTTP resources (as a client to call external servers using HTTP). Commons Proper is dedicated to one principal goal: creating and maintaining reusable Java components. Java Code Examples for org. OFBiz is an open source enterprise automation software project licensed under the Apache License. The following are top voted examples for showing how to use org. And source code shown as part of video lecture will be provided for download. Check the official Android documentation for more information about JSONObjects and Apache's HttpClient classes. But, the service returns the HTML form instead of the. Allows to use a pre-configured HttpClient instance - potentially with authentication, HTTP connection pooling, etc. CookieStore. Java: How to Get Entity ContentType in HttpClient? Last Updated on April 30th, 2017 by App Shah Leave a comment This code snippet show you how to get the content type of a result of executing an Http Get request. Basically camel-http component is built on the top of Apache HTTP client, and you can implement a custom org. 1-alpha1 released. 15 Results file configuration. Java Description. Let's see how to efficiently streaming large HTTP responses with HttpClient. Apache UIMA is an Apache-licensed open source implementation of the UIMA specification (that specification is, in turn, being developed concurrently by a technical committee within OASIS, a standards organization). 4) Bots vs Browsers - Public Bot / User Agent Database & Commentary. The result is Tomcat with added EE features - TomEE. the cloud databases. It is generally of interest only where no system provided iconv() is available (either in libiconv, or libc as applicable). Java 11 HttpClient. HttpCore Overview. But this is all different when it comes to consuming REST services. 3 million write/s into Kafka, 20 billion anomaly checks a day. HttpMethodParams 的 class 但是 我用 eclipse 來開發時出現以下的錯誤! Access restriction: The type HttpMethodParams is not accessible due to restriction on required library C:\Program Files\Java\jre6\lib\ext\commons-httpclient-3. Linux vs Windows (a comparison) This page has been renamed to Linux. So I removed the offending header and renamed it to WS. Commons Proper is dedicated to one principal goal: creating and maintaining reusable Java components. With a left click on WampServer’s icon, you will be able to: manage your Apache and MySQL services; switch online/offline (give access to everyone or only localhost) install and switch Apache, MySQL and PHP releases; manage your. HttpClient delegate, org. HttpClient 3. HttpClient) and some of the code use HttpURLConnection (from Java, java. @Marcus: Yes, it does, I'm using Restlet's client right now in Java 1. 虽然在 JDK 的 java net包中已经提. Jini technology can be used to build adaptive network systems. Object implements org. If you need to write some kind of general purpose HTTP client application, using Apache directly might be better. x branch through December 31, 2020. Retrofit is the class through which your API interfaces are turned into callable objects. Our application sends out webservice requests to various other servers hosted at our customers sites. By the end of this course, you will have great understanding of restful service and how to automate them using Apache HttpClient library. net package can also do http, any doc about this ? pros and cons compared with Apache HttpClient or java. Apache HttpClient 5. Builders are created by invoking newBuilder. I have to use timeout values present in my DataRequest class in my Apache HttpClient calls so that's why I am creating a RequestConfig and using it with HttpClient for each request. HttpContext, which can carry additional configuration details into the HttpClient layer. The HttpURLConnection object uses a blocking model for all IO operations which requires a per-thread execution model. 标签 apache apache-httpclient-4. It supports HTTP/1. HttpClient has been available for a while as part of WCF Web API preview 6 but is now shipping as part of ASP. But if you need to test a web service, using REST-assured will almost certainly be better. Unirest-Java. Your key responsibilities. apache Unlock this content with a FREE 10-day subscription to Packt Get access to all of Packt's 7,000+ eBooks & Videos. An HTTP Client. Re: HTTPClient vs java. This new version of Xerces continues to build upon the Xerces Native Interface (XNI), a complete framework for building parser components and configurations that is extremely modular and easy to program. By the end of this course, you will have great understanding of restful service and how to automate them using Apache HttpClient library. Apache HttpClient. 그 외의 라이브러리는 양쪽 모두를 사용하고 Android 버전에 따라서 어떤 구현 클래스를 쓸 것인지 결정하는 코드가 유사하게 포함되어 있다. We are seeing frequent java. withSslSocketFactory public ApacheHttpClientConfig withSslSocketFactory(org. The Apache Incubator is the entry path into The Apache Software Foundation for projects and codebases wishing to become part of the Foundation’s efforts. 5, Windows 8, or Windows Phone 8. So I removed the offending header and renamed it to WS. It provides a flexible and extensible API for accessing all things exposed through HTTP. Apache Traffic Server™ software is a fast, scalable and extensible HTTP/1. Our application sends out webservice requests to various other servers hosted at our customers sites. Full-stack Enterprise Service Buses (ESBs) like BizTalk, WebSphere MB, Mule, ServiceMix et. HttpClient using its org. The following are top voted examples for showing how to use org. See Bug JDK-8031109 The fix is to use JDK9 b65 or later. Apache Groovy is a powerful, optionally typed and dynamic language, with static-typing and static compilation capabilities, for the Java platform aimed at improving developer productivity thanks to a concise, familiar and easy to learn syntax. Apache Spark with Java 8 is proving to be the perfect match for Big Data. A COMPARISON OF MICROSOFT'S C# PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE TO SUN MICROSYSTEMS' JAVA PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE By Dare Obasanjo Introduction. How to perform Web Services Testing using HTTPClient. Apache NetBeans 9. 虽然在 JDK 的 java net包中已经提. Since Apache HttpClient or java. This tutorial is. 0 has been tested for compatibility with JRE 11 TLSv1. Needs to be called before any other methods when the transactional. Replace org. Java tutorial to troubleshoot and fix java. But with the rise of Microservices and its enabling tools such as Spring Boot and Docker, light-weight Integration Frameworks are becoming more and more attract. Apache HTTP client has fewer bugs on Eclair and Froyo. Please visit Java SE Downloads for production ready builds. (SSLConnectionSocketFactory. This tutorial shows you how to write and run a simple Hello World program in Java with Visual Studio Code. Setting the -source and -target of the Java Compiler. This tutorial describes how to use the Apache HttpClient library for accessing HTTP resources. setConnectionTimeout. UnsupportedOperationException: Can't convert value at index 5 to color: type=0x5如何解决? Apache Kafka vs Apache Storm如何使用? 通过命令行将Java(Android)项目自动导入Eclipse工作区? Windows无法在本地计算机上启动Apache2 -怎么办?. It also covers a few advanced features, which you can explore by reading other documents in this section. Parameters: context - the Android Context which initiated the request. id is set in the configuration. 1) is bound to Sun's API with imports such as com. 1 and HTTP/2, both synchronous and asynchronous programming models, handles request and response bodies as reactive-streams, and follows the familiar builder pattern. The Arrow project provides several components for users to build into their. sslSocketFactory - a custom Apache HTTP client specific SSL socket factory; or null if there is none. KeyManagerFactory. Founded in 1999, the Jakarta Project housed a diverse set of popular open source Java solutions. Consuming a SOAP service using HttpClient. Apache HttpClient is usually used like this in basic mode:. The following are top voted examples for showing how to use org. It is a technology suitable for nearly any application that requires full-text search, especially cross-platform. 5 vs retrofit ; What version of httpclient is compatible with the Amazon SDK v 1. I suspect most people who have used an HTTP client from Java would have settled on the (excellent) Apache Commons library, but in fact Java has had its own built-in HTTP client for more. when i use camel's HTTP component it took to download per. You can vote up the examples you like and your votes will be used in our system to generate more good examp. jar) and also for regular use you need to have them both on the classpath. The AHC component provides HTTP based endpoints for consuming external HTTP resources (as a client to call external servers using HTTP). amitshekhariitbhu/Fast-Android-Networking Fast Android Networking is a powerful library for doing any type of. Apache NetBeans 9. HttpCore Overview. Combine these two and you got a very simple way of requesting and posting data. posted on July 7, 2016 by long2know in ASP. And source code shown as part of video lecture will be provided for download. Learn Web Design & Development with SitePoint tutorials, courses and books - HTML5, CSS3, JavaScript, PHP, mobile app development, Responsive Web Design. Hi, currently i'm working on a project which needs to download a lots of XML by HTTP request. A Comparison of java. NetTool - Web & Network Debugging Tool. 3 it uses by default is. The source for this guide can be found in the _src/main/asciidoc directory of the HBase source. Please note: this post focuses on the Apache HttpClient library. ClassNotFoundException: org. An HttpClient is created through a builder. Apache Camel is a great mediation and routing framework that integrates with almost every enterprise messaging transport. It is designed to help you find specific projects that meet your interests and to gain a broader understanding of the wide variety of work currently underway in the Apache community. The HttpClient SSL Guide provides sample code to implement mutual client and server authentication ; unfortunately the latest stable release of it (contrib 3. Hence, I wrote this class below to perform this utility conversions. 그 외의 라이브러리는 양쪽 모두를 사용하고 Android 버전에 따라서 어떤 구현 클래스를 쓸 것인지 결정하는 코드가 유사하게 포함되어 있다. For now just force the use of TLSv1. Using the DSE Drivers against anything other than DataStax Enterprise server is a violation of the user license. * Is there any advantage using apache commons http client over plain URLConnection class of[ java? * is URLConnection having any specific problems among JDK versions, time out/memory issues etc ?? * Is apache commons http client built on URLConnection internally ? If not, how it makes connection( using scoket etc) ?. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: